Retinal Detachment accurses when the retina, the clear tissue in the back of the eye that helps you see, pulls away from the blood vessels that provide it oxygen and nourishment. The longer the retina remains detached, the greater risk of permanent vision loss. A retinal detachment often has very clear warning signs and with early diagnosis and treatment can save your vision.
Early warning signs of retinal detachment include:
- Bright flashes of light
- Darkening of your peripheral (side) vision
- Blurred Vision
- Floaters (small flecks) in the eye
- Shadow or blindness in part of the visual field
There are several different ways to treat a retinal detachment depending on the severity of the tear or detachment of the retina.
- If caught early enough, the tear can be repaired by laser (thermal treatment) or cryopexy (freezing treatment) surgery in the doctor’s office.
- If the tear is small and easy to close, pneumatic retinopexy will be performed. A small gas bubble is injected into the vitreous gel where it then rises and presses against the retina to close the tear. A laser or cryopexy may be used to seal the tear.
- A Scleral buckle is used to surgically sew a silicon band around the white of the eye to repair the tear. The band is not visible and permanently attached. A thermal treatment might be used to then seal the tear.
- For large tears, vitrectomy surgery is performed. During this procedure, the doctor will remove the vitreous, a gel-like substance between the eye lens and retina, and replace it with a saline solution.
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