Retinitis Pigmentosa is a group of eye problems that affect the retina. This condition changes how the retina responds to light, making it hard to see. People with retinitis pigmentosa lose their vision slowly over time. Usually, though, they will become totally blind.

Disease Symptoms:

  • Loss of night vision: Night blindness is when you cannot see anything in the dark. Your vision may be normal during the day. As you start losing your night vision, it takes longer to adjust to darkness.
  • Gradual loss of peripheral (side) vision: This is known as “tunnel vision.” You may find you bump into things as you move around. This is because you are not able to see objects below and around you.
  • Loss of central vision: This can make it hard to do detailed tasks such as reading or threading a needle.
  • Problems with color vision: People have trouble seeing different colors.

Disease Causes:

Retinitis pigmentosa is a genetic condition, meaning it can be passed down in families. The type and speed of vision loss from retinitis pigmentosa varies person to person.

Disease Treatments:

There is no single treatment for retinitis pigmentosa. Research shows that taking certain vitamins, including vitamin A palmitate, helps some people. Your ophthalmologist can tell you if vitamins might be helpful for you.

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