A macular hole is when a tear or hole forms in your macula.
Objects in your central vision will look blurry, wavy or distorted. As the macular hole grows, a dark or blind spot will appear in your central vision.
Age is the most common cause of macular hole. As you get older, the vitreous begins to shrink and pull away from the retina. Usually the vitreous pulls away with no problems, but sometimes the vitreous can stick to the retina. This causes the macula to stretch and a hole to form. Other times a macular hole can form when the macula swells from other eye diseases, or it can be caused by an eye injury.
Surgery called vitrectomy is the best way to treat a macular hole. Your ophthalmologist removes the vitreous that is pulling on your macula. Then he or she puts a gas bubble inside the eye. This bubble helps flatten the macular hole and hold it in place while your eye heals. The gas bubble slowly goes away on its own.
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